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A solar term is any of 24 points in traditional Chinese lunisolar calendars that matches a particular astronomical event or signifies some natural phenomenon.The points are spaced 15° apart along the ecliptic and are used by lunisolar calendars to stay synchronized with the seasons, which is crucial for agrarian societies.


The solar terms are also used to calculate intercalary months in Chinese calendar which month is repeated depends on the position of the sun at the time.





Chinese Calendar 24 Solar Terms 2019





Sun's
ecliptical
longitude
Chinese
name&pinyin
Gregorian Date
2019
Remark
315° 立春 lìchūn Feb 4, 2019 spring begins
330° 雨水 yǔshuǐ Feb 19, 2019 more rain than snow
345° 驚蟄 (惊蛰) jīngzhé Mar 6, 2019 hibernating insects awaken
春分 chūnfēn Mar 21, 2019 spring center (equinox)
15° 清明 qīngmíng Apr 5, 2019 clear and bright
30° 穀雨 (谷雨) gǔyǔ Apr 20, 2019 wheat rain
45° 立夏 lìxià May 6, 2019 summer begins
60° 小滿 (小满) xiǎomǎn May 21, 2019 creatures plentish
75° 芒種 (芒种) mángzhòng Jun 6, 2019 seeding millet
90° 夏至 xiàzhì Jun 21, 2019 summer maximum (solstice)
105° 小暑 xiǎoshǔ Jul 7, 2019 a bit sweltering
120° 大暑 dàshǔ Jul 23, 2019 most sweltering
135° 立秋 lìqiū Aug 8, 2019 autumn begins
150° 處暑 (处暑) chǔshǔ Aug 23, 2019 heat withdraws
165° 白露 báilù Sep 8, 2019 dews
180° 秋分 qiūfēn Sep 23, 2019 autumn center (equinox)
195° 寒露 hánlù Oct 8, 2019 cold dews
210° 霜降 shuāngjiàng Oct 24, 2019 frost
225° 立冬 lìdōng Nov 8, 2019 winter begins
240° 小雪 xiǎoxuě Nov 22, 2019 snows a bit
255° 大雪 dàxuě Dec 7, 2019 snows a lot
270° 冬至 dōngzhì Dec 22, 2019 winter maximum (solstice)
285° 小寒 xiǎohán Jan 6, 2020 a bit frigid
300° 大寒 dàhán Jan 20,2020 most frigid